Research News

The College of Arts and Sciences is a place filled with students and faculty who are ambitious and determined. They are incredible teachers, learners and doers. Read about how our innovative researchers are working together to  solve real world problems.

Homo neanderthalensis adult male. Reconstruction based on Shanidar 1 by John Gurche for the Human Origins Program, NMNH. Date: 225,000 to 28,000 years.

A UB-led study has found that gene variations for immune and metabolic conditions have persisted in humans for more than 700,000 years.

The invention could benefit pharmaceutical, automotive, food processing, carbon capture and other industries.

Researchers tested whether there was a change in Disney’s value-laden content over time based on the box office success of previous Disney pictures.

Ubehebe Crater in Death Valley National Park.

Findings from a study led by UB geologist Greg Valentine could lead to policy changes that help save lives and infrastructure.

Detail of a person's two hands holding their knee, concept of pain.

Racial/ethnic disparities in pain prevalence are much greater than previously thought, according to UB medical sociologist Hanna Grol-Prokopczyk.

The findings suggest the impact of racial discrimination on health is much greater than previously thought, UB sociologist Ashley Barr says.

How you feel about social interaction on days when you spend more time alone depends on why you wanted to be alone, a UB study finds.

From left to right, UB researchers Martha Bohm, Diana Aga and Ning Dai.

Support from the UB RENEW Institute was key in researchers landing three new grants totaling over $2.6 million.

The advancement involving manganese trichloride “opens the floodgates to a whole new area of research,” says lead scientist David Lacy.

Despite fog, wind and scarce resources, the research expedition succeeded in collecting valuable data.

Heather Williams, assistant clinical professor in biological sciences and director of the department’s REU, talks about the program’s successful first summer.

The findings of a UB study offer guidance for leveraging interpersonal goals in ways that could change real-world sharing behavior.

Mary Alice Coffroth and Howard Lasker are among researchers whose work is shedding light on how climate change may shape reefs.

The site of the excavation led by UB archaeologist Alessandro Sebastiani is one of the few untouched by looters.

In mammals, proteins called mucins evolved — again and again — by co-opting non-mucin proteins in a surprising way, study suggests.

From left: UB researchers heading to Greenland this year include PhD students Karlee Prince and Caleb Walcott, and master’s student Liza Wilson. Walcott is going as part of the GreenDrill team, and Prince and Wilson for another research project. All are members of Jason Briner’s lab in the Department of Geology.

Geologist Jason Briner co-leads GreenDrill, a project to collect bedrock samples from Greenland.

A new study finds the species' histories hide the convoluted stories of divergence and interbreeding.

The naming of the Nowicki Foreland honors Sophie Nowicki’s years of work in bringing global scientists together to model future sea level rise.

New UB research suggests education and wealth are not necessarily tied to better health in China, in contrast to the West.

Zoom image: Nisa Vyverberg, engineering major and sustainability volunteer, explains to a fellow student the composting process at the newly opened One World Café on the North Campus. Photo: Meredith Forrest Kulwicki

The research comes after China set strict restrictions on recyclable materials, throwing the U.S. recycling market into disarray.

The research focuses on the placement of stream gauges — instruments that keep tabs on how much water is flowing through rivers and streams.

Zoom image: Vincent Lynch (center), associate professor of biological sciences, studies how large and long-lived animals have evolved protections against cancer. Team members in his lab include master’s student Meaghan Birkemeier (left) and postdoctoral researcher Jacob Bowman (right). Photo: Douglas Levere

Creatures that live longer and have more cells should have higher risks of developing cancer. A UB team is looking at why they don't.

Scientists say the company likely contributed to elevated pollution levels on some properties but the contamination was not systematic in areas around the site.

UB-led research describes how a gene called Kdm6b helps motor neurons diversify into crucial subtypes.

UB researchers focus on breaking down PFAS, a family of highly persistent pollutants that can accumulate in people’s bodies, and in wildlife.

A study by anthropologist Nicholas Holowka has found that heavily cushioned shoes does not impact running style.

UB research finds employment outcomes are worse in states that have policies restricting criminal records-based discrimination.

In a new study, genetically engineered E. coli eat glucose, then help turn it into molecules found in gasoline.

New research led by UB psychologist Eduardo Mercado continues to challenge current thinking about whale songs.

The study's findings have broad implications when thinking about the challenges associated with autism.

UB professor Lillian Williams has devoted her career to building archives and organizations to advance the study of Black history, women’s history and local history.

Field biologists and NASA planes will document the distribution and function of species and ecosystems in the region.

UB geologists are looking at how these destructive phenomena — consisting of fast-flowing gas and ash — move across complex terrain.

A study led by a UB postdoc describes the gut contents of giant plumose anemones off the coast of Washington.

An NEH grant to support the UB project is part of a program that uses the humanities as channels for veterans to think more deeply about their military service.

A UB study digs into the history of summer in southern Greenland, with findings that hold a message of caution as the world warms again.

Limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius could halve sea level rise caused by melting land ice this century, according to an international team that includes UB's Sophie Nowicki

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