BS in Biological Sciences

The Bachelor of Science program provides the opportunity for in-depth study within particular sub-disciplines of the biological sciences.

The Bachelor of Science program provides the opportunity for in-depth study within particular sub-disciplines of the biological sciences. Students may select a broad-based degree or may choose to concentrate in cell and molecular biology, ecology and evolutionary biology, neurobiology or pre-health studies.

Program Summary

The BS degree programs are designed for students who desire in-depth training across the spectrum of biological disciplines.

Students may either follow a general BS curriculum or choose to concentrate their degree by emphasizing course and lab work in:

  • Cell and Molecular Biology
  • Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
  • Neuroscience
  • Pre-Health Studies

Students qualify for the Bachelor of Sciences degree by successfully completing 44 credits of biology-required coursework plus 38 credits of chemistry, physics and mathematics.

Application to the Major

All freshmen with interest in BIO are accepted into the major if they select Biological Sciences (BIO) on their UB application.

Students transferring to UB are admitted directly to the major if they have a combined GPA of 2.0 in any completed biology courses that articulate to BIO 200, BIO 201, BIO 303, and BIO 305, and a combined GPA of 2.0 in any completed other science/math courses that articulate to MTH 121 or MTH 141, MTH 122 or MTH 142, CHE 101, CHE 102, CHE 201, and CHE 202.

Students transferring to the major from another degree program must apply to the major and are admitted if they have a combined GPA of at least 2.0 in BIO courses already taken (of BIO 200, BIO 201, BIO 303, BIO 305) and a combined GPA of at least 2.0 in all required MTH/CHE courses already taken (of MTH 121 or MTH 141, MTH 122 or MTH 142, CHE 101, CHE 102, CHE 201, CHE 202).

To apply to the Bio Major, submit the “Application for a Major Program” form located on the Forms page to the Bio Department, 109 Cooke Hall. 

A minimum combined GPA of 2.0 for required BIO courses and a minimum combined GPA of 2.0 in required CHE and MTH courses are required for retention in the major. At the end of every semester a review of all BIO coursework is completed, and any student not meeting either GPA minimum for four consecutive semesters will be dismissed from the major.

A minimum GPA of 2.0 in biology courses and a minimum GPA of 2.0 in required chemistry, physics and mathematics courses is required for degree conferral.

Bachelor of Science (broad-based degree)

Application to Major Form

  • 44 Required credit hours in biological sciences
  • 38 Required credit hours in chemistry, physics and mathematics
  • 82 Total credit hours required for Bachelor of Science degree

Required lecture courses in biological sciences

  • BIO 200 Evolutionary Biology
  • BIO 201 Cell Biology
  • BIO 303 General Physiology
  • BIO 305 Fundamentals of Biological Chemistry
  • BIO 319 Genetics

Required laboratory courses in biological sciences — Choose FOUR:

  • BIO 313 General Physiology Laboratory
  • BIO 315 Fundamentals of Biological Chemistry Laboratory
  • BIO 329 Genetics Laboratory
  • BIO 332 Advanced Molecular Biology Laboratory
  • BIO 370 Developmental Biology Laboratory
  • BIO 400 Bioinformatics (Lab)
  • BIO 420 Cytogenetics Laboratory
  • APY 346 Comparative Primate Anatomy Lab
  • GLY 310 Ecological Methods

Students registered for 2 or 3 credits of BIO 498 may use this as credit towards one of the required labs.Students registered for 2 or 3 credits of biological research in another UB department may submit a Bio Research Petition to receive credit towards the major. To be approved for the major, the research must be hands-on laboratory, field, or bioinformatics research. Petitions can be found on Forms page. 

Required courses in chemistry, mathematics, and physics 

  • CHE 101/CHE 113 (CHE 101 prior to Fall 2019) or CHE 105 or CHE 107CHE 102 General Chemistry
  • CHE 102/CHE 114 (CHE 102 prior to Fall 2019) or CHE 106 or CHE 108
  • CHE 201 Organic Chemistry
  • CHE 202 Organic Chemistry
  • MTH 121 or MTH 141 Calculus I
  • MTH 122 or MTH 142 Calculus II
  • PHY 101/151 or PHY 107 General Physics I
  • PHY 102/152 or PHY 108/158 General Physics II/Lab

Elective Courses:

  • BIO 301 Intermediate Cell Biology
  • BIO 302 Intro to Molecular Biology
  • BIO 309 Ecology
  • BIO 318 Plant Biology
  • BIO 330 Special Topics
  • BIO 344 Neuroethology
  • BIO 367 Developmental Biology
  • BIO 369 Biology of Microbes
  • BIO 400 Bioinformatics (Lecture)
  • BIO 401 Advanced Biological Chemistry
  • BIO 402 Advanced Cell and Developmental Biology I
  • BIO 404 Advanced Molecular Genetics
  • BIO 405 Advanced Cell and Developmental Biology II
  • BIO 406 Signal Transduction
  • BIO 407 Advanced Ecology
  • BIO 417 Neurobiology
  • BIO 418 Integrative Neuroscience
  • BIO 425 Special Topics
  • BIO 426 Special Topics
  • BIO 437  Pattern and Process in Evolution
  • BIO 438  Evolutionary Ecology
  • BIO 448 Endocrinology
  • BIO 449 Comparative Genomics
  • BIO 450 Human Evolutionary Genomics
  • BIO 461 Basic Radiation Science

Make choices to reach the 44 credit minimum requirement for the Bachelor of Science degree. Electives may include any lab course, any of the 300 or 400 level courses offered by the Department of Biological Sciences or a cognate course listed for the BA program. A minimum of 3 (three) credits must be at the 400 level.  (NOTE: Although the UB Curriculum course BIO 387 Communicating in Biological Sciences can not be used as elective credit towards the BA, it can be used as elective credit for the BS.)

Up to 3 credits of any 490 level BIO course (495, 498, 499) can count toward the BS. Credits in excess of the 3 allowed for the BIO degree will be counted in the general university elective pool.

Selection of electives should be done in consultation with a department faculty advisor.

Please note: Students may choose to construct their BS electives by concentrating study in (1) Cell and Molecular Biology, (2) Ecology and Evolutionary Biology (3) Pre-Health Studies or (4) Neuroscience. Suggested courses for the concentrations are included in the sections below.

BS Concentration in Pre-Health Studies

Application to Major Form

  • 44 Required credit hours in biological sciences
  • 38 Required credit hours in chemistry, physics and mathematics
  • 82 Total credit hours required for Bachelor of Science degree

Required courses in biological sciences

  • BIO 200 Evolutionary Biology
  • BIO 201 Cell Biology
  • BIO 303 General Physiology
  • BIO 305 Fundamentals of Biological Chemistry
  • BIO 319 Genetics

AND for this concentration:

  • BIO 448 Endocrinology

Required laboratory courses in Biological Sciences (choose four total)

  • BIO 313 General Physiology Lab

and three of the following:

  • BIO 315 Fundamentals of Biological Chemistry Lab
  • BIO 329 Genetics Lab
  • BIO 332 Advanced Molecular Biology Lab
  • BIO 370 Developmental Biology Lab
  • BIO 400 Bioinformatics (lab)
  • BIO 420 Cytogenetics Lab
  • APY 346 Comparative Primate Anatomy Lab

Elective courses: Make additional choices from the following courses to reach the 44 credit minimum requirement for the Bachelor of Science degree.

  • BIO 301 Intermediate Cell Biology
  • BIO 302 Molecular Biology
  • BIO 330 Special Topics: Biological Chemistry of Human Diseases
  • BIO 330 Special Topics: Genetics of Human Diseases
  • BIO 367 Developmental Biology
  • BIO 369 Biology of the Microbes
  • BIO 400 Bioinformatics (Lecture)
  • BIO 401 Advanced Biological Chemistry
  • BIO 402 Advanced Cell and Developmental Biology 1
  • BIO 404 Advanced Molecular Genetics
  • BIO 405 Advanced Cell and Developmental Biology 2
  • BIO 406 Signal Transduction
  • BIO 417 Neurobiology
  • BIO 418 Integrative Neuroscience
  • BIO 425 Special Topics – Cancer Immunology
  • BIO 426 Special Topics: Genes in Cancer
  • BIO 449 Comparative Genomics
  • APY 345 Comparative Primate Anatomy
  • APY 348 Anthropological Osteology
  • MIC 401 General Microbiology
  • MCH 311/PMY 311 Chemistry of Drug Action
  • NRS 301 The Brain
  • PGY 451/452 Human Physiology
  • STA 427 Statistics for Bio/Med Sciences

Required courses in chemistry, physics and mathematics

  • CHE 101/CHE 113 (CHE 101 prior to Fall 2019) or CHE 105 or CHE 107CHE 102 General Chemistry
  • CHE 102/CHE 114 (CHE 102 prior to Fall 2019) or CHE 106 or CHE 108
  • CHE 201 Organic Chemistry
  • CHE 202 Organic Chemistry
  • MTH 121 or 141 Calculus I
  • MTH 122 or 142 Calculus II
  • PHY 101/151 or 107 General Physics I
  • PHY 102/152 or 108/158 General Physics II

BS Concentration in Cellular and Molecular Biology

Application to Major Form

  • 44 Required credit hours in biological sciences
  • 38 Required credit hours in chemistry, physics and mathematics
  • 82 Total credit hours required for Bachelor of Science degree

Required lecture courses in biological sciences

  • BIO 200 Evolutionary Biology
  • BIO 201 Cell Biology
  • BIO 303 General Physiology
  • BIO 305 Fundamentals of Biological Chemistry
  • BIO 319 Genetics

and for this concentration:

  • BIO 302 Introduction to Molecular Biology
  • BIO 402 Advanced Cell and Developmental Biology 1

Required laboratory courses in Biological Sciences (choose four total)

  • BIO 332 Advanced Molecular Biology Laboratory

and three of the following:

  • BIO 313 General Physiology Lab
  • BIO 315 Fundamentals of Biological Chemistry Lab
  • BIO 329 Genetics Lab
  • BIO 370 Developmental Biology Lab
  • BIO 400 Bioinformatics (Lab)
  • BIO 420 Cytogenetics Laboratory

Elective courses: make choices from the following courses in Cell and Molecular Biology to reach the 44 credit minimum requirement for the Bachelor of Science degree:

  • BIO 301 Intermediate Cell Biology
  • BIO 330 Special Topics: Biological Chemistry of Human Diseases
  • BIO 367 Developmental Biology
  • BIO 369 Biology of the Microbes
  • BIO 400 Bioinformatics (Lecture)
  • BIO 401 Advanced Biological Chemistry
  • BIO 404 Advanced Molecular Genetics
  • BIO 405 Advanced Cell and Developmental Biology 2
  • BIO 406 Signal Transduction
  • BIO 417 Neurobiology
  • BIO 418 Integrative Neuroscience
  • BIO 425 Special Topics: Cancer Immunology
  • BIO 426 Special Topics: Genes in Cancer
  • BIO 448 Endocrinology
  • BIO 449 Comparative Genomics

Required courses in Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics

  • CHE 101/CHE 113 (CHE 101 prior to Fall 2019) or CHE 105 or CHE 107
  • CHE 102/CHE 114 (CHE 102 prior to Fall 2019) or CHE 106 or CHE 108
  • CHE 201 Organic Chemistry
  • CHE 202 Organic Chemistry
  • MTH 121 or 141 Calculus I
  • MTH 122 or 142 Calculus II
  • PHY 101/151 or PHY107 General Physics I
  • PHY 102/152 or PHY108/158 General Physics II

BS Concentration in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

  • 44 Required credit hours in biological sciences
  • 38 Required credit hours in chemistry, physics and mathematics
  • 82 Total credit hours required for Bachelor of Science degree

Required courses in Biological Sciences

  • BIO 200 Evolutionary Biology
  • BIO 201 Cell Biology
  • BIO 303 General Physiology
  • BIO 305 Fundamentals of Biological Chemistry
  • BIO 319 Genetics

and for this concentration:

  • BIO 309 Ecology
  • BIO 437  Pattern and Process in Evolution OR BIO 438  Evolutionary Ecology

Required laboratory courses in Biological Sciences (choose four total)

  • GLY 310 Ecological Methods

and THREE of the following:

  • BIO 313 General Physiology Lab
  • BIO 315 Fundamentals of Biological Chemistry Lab
  • BIO 329 Genetics Lab
  • BIO 332 Advanced Molecular Biology Lab
  • BIO 370 Developmental Biology Lab
  • BIO 400 Bioinformatics (Lab)
  • BIO 420 Cytogenetics Lab
  • APY 346 Comparative Primate Anatomy Lab

Elective courses: make choices from the following courses to reach the 44 credit minimum requirement for the Bachelor of Science degree.

  • BIO 318 Plant Biology
  • BIO 330 Special Topics: Physiology of Life in Extreme Environments
  • BIO 369 Biology of the Microbes
  • BIO 400 Bioinformatics (Lecture)
  • BIO 407 Advanced Ecology
  • BIO 426 Special Topics: Development and Evolution
  • BIO 425 Special Topics: Ecological Genomics
  • BIO 426 Special Topics: Developmental Evolution 
  • BIO 432 Microbial Genomics and Metagenomics
  • BIO 437 Pattern and Process in Evolution
  • BIO 438 Evolutionary Ecology
  • BIO 449 Comparative Genomics
  • BIO 450 Human Evolutionary Genomics
  • APY 345 Comparative Primate Anatomy
  • APY 347 Understanding Human Variation
  • APY 494 The Evolution of Hominin Behavior
  • GEO 356 Forest Ecology
  • GEO 435 Conservation Biogeography
  • GEO 445 Restoration Ecology
  • GLY 400 Comparative Paleobiology
  • GLY 458 Macroevolution

Required courses in chemistry, physics and mathematics

  • CHE 101/CHE 113 (CHE 101 prior to Fall 2019) or CHE 105 or CHE 107
  • CHE 102/CHE 114 (CHE 102 prior to Fall 2019) or CHE 106 or CHE 108
  • CHE 201 Organic Chemistry
  • CHE 202 Organic Chemistry
  • MTH 121 or 141 Calculus I
  • MTH 122 or 142 Calculus II
  • PHY 101/151 or 107 General Physics I
  • PHY 102/152 or 108/158 General Physics II

BS Concentration in Neuroscience

  • 44 Required credit hours in biological sciences
  • 38 Required credit hours inmath, chemistry, and physics
  • 82 Total required credit hours

Required lecture courses in biological sciences

  • BIO 200 Evolutionary Biology
  • BIO 201 Cell Biology
  • BIO 303 General Physiology
  • BIO 305 Fundamentals of Biological Chemistry
  • BIO 319 Genetics

and for this concentration:

  • BIO 417 Neurobiology
  • BIO 418 Integrative Neuroscience

Required laboratory courses in biological sciences (choose four total)

  • BIO 313 General Physiology Lab

and three of the following:

  • BIO 315 Fundamentals of Biological Chemistry Lab
  • BIO 329 Genetics Lab
  • BIO 332 Advanced Molecular Biology Lab
  • BIO 370 Developmental Biology Lab
  • BIO 400 Bioinformatics (Lab)
  • BIO 420 Cytogenetics Lab
  • APY 346 Comparative Primate Anatomy Lab

Elective courses: Make additional choices from the following courses to reach the 44 credit minimum requirement for the Bachelor of Science degree.

  • BIO 301 Intermediate Cell Biology
  • BIO 302 Molecular Biology
  • BIO 344 Neuroethology
  • BIO 367 Developmental Biology
  • BIO 400 Bioinformatics (Lecture)
  • BIO 401 Advanced Biological Chemistry
  • BIO 402 Advanced Cell and Developmental Biology 1
  • BIO 404 Advanced Molecular Genetics
  • BIO 405 Advanced Cell and Developmental Biology 2
  • BIO 406 Signal Transduction
  • BIO 426 Special Topics: Human Genetic Diseases
  • BIO 440 Experimental Endocrinology
  • BIO 448 Endocrinology
  • APY 345 Comparative Primate Anatomy
  • NRS 301 The Brain
  • PGY 451/452 Human Physiology
  • PSY 402 Psychopharmacology
  • PSY 443 Neurobiology of Animal Communication
  • PSY 451 Drug Addiction

Required courses in chemistry, physics and mathematics

  • CHE 101/CHE 113 (CHE 101 prior to Fall 2019) or CHE 105 or CHE 107
  • CHE 102/CHE 114 (CHE 102 prior to Fall 2019) or CHE 106 or CHE 108
  • CHE 201 Organic Chemistry
  • CHE 202 Organic Chemistry
  • MTH 121 or 141 Calculus I
  • MTH 122 or 142 Calculus II
  • PHY 101/151 or 107 General Physics I
  • PHY 102/152 or 108/158 General Physics II

SEE UB CATALOG: Possible timetable for completion of the BS degree in Biological Sciences for students entering Fall 2018 and after.