Suleyman Demirci


Suleyman Demirci.

Suleyman Demirci


Suleyman Demirci


Visiting Assistant Professor

Research Topics

Early Modern Ottoman History (1300-1800); Demography & History; Population Censuses; Middle East & Ottoman Record Keeping and Archival Records; Social & Economic History; Inter-communal relations in the Ottoman Empire; Changes in Turkish society and culture; political, Intellectual and Islamic movements in Modern Turkey


  • Ph.D. in Early Modern Ottoman & Middle Eastern History, Durham University, Centre for Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies, Durham-England, 1997-2001
  • M.A. in Early Modern Ottoman & Middle Eastern History, The University of Manchester, Department of Middle Eastern Studies, Manchester-England, 1996-1997
  • Graduate study in Turkish History. Institute of Social Sciences, Erciyes University, Turkey, 1994-1995
  • BA in Turkish History, Erciyes University, Turkey, 1990-1994

Current Research

I did my PhD on the functioning of Ottoman extraordinary taxation. This study is a pioneering study of Ottoman avâriz taxation in c. 1620s-1700. It is a case study based primarily on previously little used registers and documents from the Ottoman archives, in Istanbul. I examined the practice of avâriz, or extraordinary, taxation and tax related complaints in the central Anatolian province of Karaman. This study on relations between the capital and the provinces fits into the greater debate over whether the the Ottoman empire experienced a long period of decline culminating in its collapse at the end of World War I.

The seventeenth century, the focus of my study, is therefore a good starting point, more so since several important events – from the Celâli revolts to the second siege of Vienna – occurred in this period.

My recent studies have focused on social and economic aspects of the Ottoman empire from the 16th to the end of 19th centuries as well as the political history and the rise of nationalism in the Ottoman empire. 

I published a significant number of articles and co-authored several books in both Turkish and English.  I have studied, taught, and published extensively on the history of the Ottoman Empire.

Teaching Experience

Erciyes University-Turkey, Full Professor of Early Modern Ottoman & Turkish History, 2013-2016

Erciyes University-Turkey, Associate Professor of Ottoman & Turkish History, 2007-2013

University of Houston Visiting Faculty, Lecturer in Ottoman Middle East & Turkish History 2009-2010

Erciyes University-Turkey, Assistant Professor of Ottoman Turkish History, 2002-2007



The functıonıng of Ottoman avârız taxatıon: an aspect of the relatıonshıps between centre and perıphery, The Isıs Press, İstanbul, March 2009.

Banditry, State and Society in the Ottoman Turkey (in Turkish), Yalın Publication, İstanbul 2012. (ISBN: 978-605-4539-23-9) (with Hasan Arslan)


“Who the Ottomans were from the Great Seljukıds to the third Roman Empire: discussions about the foundatıon of the Ottoman Empire and the ideology of ghazi/ghazâ concepts,” Published in a joint study as a tribute to Bahaeddin Yediyıldız by Turkish Culture Research Institute, Ankara 2017: 115-124.

“An Evaluation of the Hemavend Kurdish Tribe´s Banditry in Mosul Province and along the Ottoman-Iranian Borderlines c. 1863-1916,” HISTORY STUDIES, vol.7/3, September 2015: 39-59. (in Turkish, with Fehminaz Cabuk)

“A study on the Wallachıan-Kazakh populatıon and theır socıo economıc status ın the dıstrıcts of Eyüp, galata and Üsküdar accordıng to 1857/ 1858 dated census regıstry,” OSMED Osmanlı Medeniyeti Araştırmaları Dergisi, vol.1 2015: 9-35. (in Turkish, with Kazım Kartal)

“Jelali (Celâli) Kurdish Bandits: The Banditry of Jelali Kurdish Tribe in the Sanjak of Bayezid and Along the Ottoman- Russian-Iranian Borderlands, c. 1857-1909,” HISTORY STUDIES, vol.6/6, December 2014: 71-97. (in Turkish, with Fehminaz Cabuk)

“A Study on the 1833/34 (H. 1249) Dated Kayseri Sanjak, Karahisar-i Develi (Yeşilhisar) and Talas Districts Muslim Census Registry,” HISTORY STUDIES, vol.6/4, July 2014: 1-29. (in Turkish, with Kazım Kartal)

“The Place of Ottoman Population Registry Books in Writing of History: The Case of 1835 Maçuka/Maçka District of Trabzon Province Muslim Population Registry Books,” HISTORY STUDIES, Prof. Dr. Şerafettin Turan Armağan Sayısı /A Tribute to Prof. Dr. Şerafettin Turan, April 2014: 119-145. (in Turkish, with Kazım Kartal)

 “Is the Early Ottoman History "A Black Hole?": Discussion about the Foundation of the Ottoman Empire and Gazi/Gaza Concepts,” HISTORY STUDIES, vol.5/12, January 2013: 89-100. (in Turkish)

 “Living Together in A Tolerant Society: Non-Muslim Armenian Citizens and Law in the Ottoman Society: A Case Study of Kayseri,” The Journal of Academic Social Science Studies, Vol. 6/1, February 2013:577-586.

"District Of Atina-Pazar As An Administrative Unit Of Trabzon Province In The 19th Century," SDÜ Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi - SDU Faculty of Arts and Sciences Journal of Social Sciences, Sayı 27, 2012: 1-15. (in Turkish, with Huseyin Sarac)

"Seventeenth century admınıstratıve unıts of Trabzon and taxable populatıon: the case of the kazâs of Giresun, Keşap, Kürtün and Yavabolu (Görele)," SDU Journal of Institute of Social Sciences, Vol. 15, 2012/1:15-29.  (in Turkish)

"Administrative Division of the Sub-Province of Canik and Taxable Population in the Second Half of the Seventeenth Century," SDU Faculty of Arts and Sciences Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 25, May 2012: 1-10. (in Turkish)

"The Situatıon of Mevlevihanes in the Ottoman Balkans During The Period of Dissolutıon: A Case Study of Yenişehir (Larissa),“ SDU Faculty of Arts and Sciences Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 26, 2012: 1-6. (in Turkish, with Serdar Ösen)

"Bandıts and the Ottoman state: government offıcials involved banditry actıvities and their reflectıons in central-provincial correspondance in the province of Maraş, c. 1590-1750s," SDÜ Journal of Institute of Social Sciences, vol. 16, 2, 2012: 47-76. (in Turkish, with Hasan Arslan)

"Bandıtry actıvıtıes of some trıbal, communıty and trıbal people and theır reflectıons ın central -provıncıal correspondance ın the Ottoman Turkey a case study of Maraş,  c. 1590-1750s," Turkish Studies - International Periodical For The Languages, Literature and History of Turkish or Turkic , vol. Summer 7/3, 2012: 887-914. (in Turkish, with Hasan Arslan)  

"Measures Taken to Prevent Acts of Banditry in the Ottoman Empire and an Assesment of Imposed Penalties: A Case Study of the Province of Maras, C. 1590-1750," HISTORY STUDIES, vol.4 (Prof. Dr. Enver Konukçu Armağanı), 2012: 73-103.  (in Turkish, with Hasan Arslan) 

“The Iranian Revolution and Shia İslam: What, If Any, was the Role of Islam in the Iranian Revolution?” Hıstory Studıes, Vol 5, May 2013: 37-48.  

“An evaluation of Bayezid’s political and strategic mistakes in the rout of Ankara in 1402,” Chronos: Revue d’Histoire de l’Université de Balamand, 19, 2009: 173-186. 

“Rise of the Nationalism in the Ottoman Empire: How Did Ottoman Government Respond To The Bulgarian National Movement 1839-1870?” Journal of Institute of Social Sciences, 22, 2007/1: 417-438.

“Justice for all: Muslim and Non- Muslim Settling Disputes at the Kadi’s Court in Kayseri, c. 1900,” Chronos: Revue d’Histoire de l’Université de Balamand, 14, 2006: 67-76.

"Collectors of avâriz and nüzul levies in the Ottoman Empire. A case study of the province of Karaman, 1621-1700,” Turkish Historical Society Belleten, 69/255, 2005: 539-565.   

“Avâriz and Nüzul Levies in the Ottoman Empire: A Case Study of the Province of Karaman, 1620s-1700,” Turkish Historical Society  Belleten, 70/258, 2006: 561-590.

“Demography And History: The Value of The Avârizhâne Registers For Demographic Research: A Case Study of The Ottoman Sub-Provinces of Konya, Kayseri And Niğde, C.1620s-1700,” TURCICA 38, 2006: 181-211.     

“Collection of avâriz and nüzul levies in the Ottoman Empire, 1620- 1700,” Turkish Historical Society  Belleten, 69/256, 2005:897-912.           

“Complaints about avâriz assessment and payment in the avâriz-tax system: An aspect of the relationship between centre and periphery. A case study of Kayseri 1618-1700,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient JESHO, vol. 46.4, 2003: 437-474.            

"İltizam (Tax-Farming) In The Avâriz-Tax System: A Case Study Of The Ottoman Province Of Karaman, C.1650s-1700," Erciyes University Journal of Institute of Social Sciences, 12, 2002: 159-172.