BA in Economics

Undergraduate students gathered around a computer.

The Department of Economics offers two bachelor's degree tracks. The BA in Economics Track is designed for students who plan to pursue careers directly after graduation, or possibly pursue graduate study in a related field. 

Undergraduate students may also pursue a joint major or a combined BA/MA or BA/MS EQE option. 

Degree Requirements

The BA in Economics tracks require students to earn a total of 120 university credits and maintain a minimum 2.5 GPA in their economics classes, as well as an overall 2.0 GPA and the 35 required economics credits requirement set out in the following table. Students are encouraged to review their Academic Advising Report frequently to monitor their progress. Please note: Transfer students must also maintain a minimum 2.0 GPA after entering UB, and their final overall GPA, including past courses, must equal or exceed 2.0. 

Economics majors are encouraged to pursue courses in related fields, such as English, political science, advanced mathematics and/or other social sciences. The Department of Economics recommends that students take every available opportunity to explore the paths that interest them. 

BA in Economics

  Courses Credits

MTH 121, or MTH 131, or MTH 141

Required Courses

ECO 380 Economic Statistics and Data Analysis

ECO 405 Microeconomic Theory

ECO 407 Macroeconomic Theory

ECO 480 Econometrics I





Economics Upper-Level Electives

Five (5) additional Economics courses at the 400-level. These cannot include ECO 495 and ECO 496. A maximum of 3 credits may be from ECO 499 Independent Study or ECO 498 Undergraduate Research. 

ECO 406 is required to graduate with Honors in Economics and can be used as an upper level elective course.

Other Economics Electives Economics courses at any level, including ECO 495 and ECO 496. 8
Permitted Substitution for ECO 380

Option A: MTH 411 or STA 301 together with MTH 412 or STA 302

Option B: GEO 211

Option C: CIE 308

Total Economics Credits   35
Total B.A. credit Requirement   120

Other Mathematics Electives: It is recommended that students considering graduate studies in economics take additional mathematics courses, particularly MTH 309 Introduction to Linear Algebra and MTH 431 Introduction to Real Variables I.

* (1) MTH 141, (2) MTH 142, (3) ECO 406, and (4) whose cumulative GPA in economics courses is at least 3.25 or higher are required to graduate with Honors in Economics.

Planning Your Courses

Once students have declared an economics major, the department recommends the following courses for consideration:

For further information about undergraduate economics courses, please visit the Undergraduate Catalog