I have three primary programs of research that share a common focus on metacognitive processes. My first line of work examines the strength of people’s mental contents (attitudes and thoughts). Some mental contents better predict relevant outcomes than do others (i.e., they are stronger), and this work examines the factors that predict which mental contents will have those properties, including metacognitive assessments of confidence, ambivalence, and liking. My second line of work examines people’s desire to change their own attitudes, including when and why people may want different attitudes and the means they use to pursue this change. Finally, other work examines the effects of the mindfulness-related concept of decentering on people’s emotional lives, including implications for emotion regulation and mental health.