John Roberts

PhD

John Roberts.

John Roberts

PhD

John Roberts

PhD

Associate Professor
Associate Director of Clinical Training

Research Interests

Psychosocial processes in risk for depression including vulnerable self-esteem, rumination, and overgeneral autobiographical memory

Education

  • PhD, University of Pittsburgh

Current Research

I am broadly interested in the role of psychosocial factors in the etiology, maintenance and recovery from depression, as well as how depressive conditions impact people’s lives in terms of health-related behavior (such as treatment adherence among HIV+ patients) and social rejection. A number of my past research projects have examined how labile self-esteem, insecure attachment style, and ruminative coping contribute to risk for depression. Recent studies have focused on implicit self-esteem, biases in interpersonal perception, deficits in executive control and autobiographical memory. My lab is also developing procedures to assess how rumination is experienced in daily life and examining contextual factors that may signal when repetitive thinking about one’s mood is maladaptive.

Selected Publications

  • Yoo, E-H., Youngseob, E., Roberts, J.E., Gao, Q., & Chen, K. (in press). Association between extreme temperatures and emergency room visits related to mental disorders: A multi-region time-series study in New York, USA. Science of the Total Environment.
  • Roberts, J.E., Kyung, Y., Koscinski, B., Rosenfeld, E.A., & Lee, H. (2021). Autobiographical memory specificity and detail: Does self-esteem moderate associations between response style to sad mood and memory? Personality and Individual Differences, 169, 110141. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2020.110142
  • Moritz, D. & Roberts, J.E. (2020). Depressive symptomatology and self-esteem as moderators of metaperceptions of social rejection versus acceptance: A truth and bias analysis. Clinical Psychological Science, 8, 252-265.
  • Rosenfeld, E.A., Kennedy, K., Farchione, T.J., & Roberts, J.E. (2019). Cleansing the attentional palate:  A preliminary test of a novel approach to facilitate disengagement from rumination. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 33, 128-139. http://dx.doi.org/10.1891/0889-8391.33.2.128
  • Roberts, J.E., Yanes-Lukin, P. & Kyung, Y.  (2018). Distinctions between autobiographical memory specificity and detail: Trajectories across cue presentations. Consciousness and Cognition, 65, 342-351.
  • Sova, C.C. & Roberts, J.E. (2018). Testing the cognitive catalyst model of rumination with explicit and implicit cognitive content. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 59, 115-120.
  • Moritz, D. & Roberts, J.E. (2018). Self-other agreement and metaperception accuracy across the big five: Examining the roles of depression and self-esteem. Journal of Personality, 86, 296-307.
  • Roberts, J.E., Porter, A.J., & Vergara-Lopez, C. (2016). Implicit and explicit self-esteem in previously and never depressed individuals: Baseline differences and reactivity to rumination. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 40(2), 164-172.
  • Vergara-Lopez, C. Lopez-Vergara, H., & Roberts, J.E. (2016). Testing a “content meets process” model of depression vulnerability and rumination: Exploring the moderating role of set-shifting deficits. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 50, 202-208.
  • Kyung, Y., Yanes-Lukin, P.K., & Roberts, J.E. (2016). Specificity and detail in autobiographical memory: Same or different constructs? Memory, 24, 272-284.
  • Hoorens, V., Takano, K., Franck, E., Roberts, J. E., & Raes, F. (2015). Initial and noninitial name-letter preferences as obtained through repeated letter rating tasks continue to reflect (different aspects of) self-esteem. Psychological Assessment, 27, 905-914.
  • Vergara-Lopez, C., Kyung, Y., Detschmer, A., & Roberts, J.E. (2014). Testing the Cognitive Catalyst Model with idiographic content: Rumination moderates the association between self-discrepancies and depressive symptoms. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 5, 351-362.
  • Gamble, S.A., Chronis-Tuscano, A. Roberts, J.E., Ciesla, J.A., & Pelham, W.E. (2013). Self-esteem reactivity among mothers of children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): The moderating role of depression history. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 37, 1233–1242.
  • Ciesla, J.A., Felton, J.W., & Roberts, J.E. (2011). Testing the Cognitive Catalyst Model of depression: Does rumination amplify the impact of cognitive diatheses in response to stress? Cognition & Emotion, 25, 1349-1357.
  • Prisciandaro, J.J. & Roberts, J.E. (2011). Evidence for the continuous latent structure of mania in the Epidemiologic Catchment Area from multiple latent structure and construct validation methodologies. Psychological Medicine, 41, 575-588.